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Speech development

Is my child's speech developing normally?

Children develop speech errors as part of their normal development of their speech.
However, a speech pathologist is able to determine what is happening with your child’s auditory development, speech production and speech motor skills by the type of errors that they are demonstrating at a particular age.
Identification and the early intervention of speech sounds errors that are delayed in their development or abnormal in their profile is essential to enable your child to reach the mental maturity to then be capable of learning to read, spell and write.
To learn more, enter your details in the FREE list to be part of our Speech Pathology support community.
We aim to help many children and families who may have limited access to support due to distance, availability, waiting lists and challenges in accessing private speech pathology services from limited funding support.
This way, you can decide for yourself… if your child needs Speech Pathology help or whether you want to support your child with Speech Therapy DIY from home.

Speech error patterns- Phonological processes

For instance, let’s take a brief look at one phonological process, the stopping process, to see how this can lead to further investigations and understandings about your child’s development. The stopping process involves a series of sound substitutions where a child may substitute a:
  • /f/ sound for a /p/ sound
  • /v/ sound for a /b/ sound
  • /s/ sound for a /t/ sound
  • /z/ sound for a /d/ sound
  • /th/ sound for a /d/ sound


It is important that children have established their speech sound GRID as this enables their mind to then have matured the mental machinery to be capable of reading and spelling when they reach the classroom.
Children can show many different types of speech sound processes which we call phonological processes. Many of these are normal at specific ages in a child’s process to develop speech, however, many can be detected early to be abnormal. As Speech Pathologists, we can identify what may be happening with your child’s development based on the type of error in their speech.
Sometimes this may be:
Challenges from hearing impairment or middle ear infections
Challenges from weakness in developing auditory processing skills
Challenges in developing the ability to construct speech-verbal dyspraxia or a phonological disorder
Restriction to the mobilisation of the tongue from a tongue tie (ankyloglossius)
Challenges with sensory-motor integration development
Early identification of challenges due to autistic spectrum disorder and associated conditions
Challenges from intellectual development


Your child’s speech error profile can sometimes give us early diagnostic information as to WHAT may be happening to cause your child’s challenges. Early identification means we can provide EARLY INTERVENTION … enabling your child to reach their Optimal Communication potential.